Actions provide a way to execute very quick tasks in a single Component, using a single code base.
The default component’s action (
run) executes as a background, asynchronous job. It is queued, has plenty of
execution time, and there are cases when you might not want to wait for it. Apart from the default
can be synchronous actions with limited execution time and you must wait for them. When we refer to
actions, we mean synchronous actions. Using actions is fully optional.
For example, in our database extractor, the main task (
run action) is the data extraction itself. But we also want to be
able to test the database credentials and list tables available in the database.
These tasks would be very helpful in the UI. It is not possible to do these things directly in the browser. Setting up a
separate component would bring an overhead of maintaining both the extractor’s Docker image and the new component.
For each Component, you can specify other actions (apart from the default
actions will be executed using the same Docker image, but Docker Runner will wait for its execution and use
the returned value as the API response. So, these additional actions are executed synchronously and have a very
limited execution time (maximum 30 seconds). These actions also cannot access Storage.
The configuration file
action property with the name of the currently executed action. Just grab the value and act accordingly.
All actions must be explicitly specified in the component configuration in Developer Portal.
Actions are available through the API. They do not load the configuration from Storage, so you need to fully specify the whole configuration in the request body. If any of your parameters are encrypted, they will be decrypted before they are passed to your component.
Do not specify the
action attribute in the request body, it is already in the URI. Use any of
runtime inside the
configData root element as you would when creating an asynchronous job. Using
storage configuration in actions makes no sense, because actions cannot read or write to Storage. For instance:
Important: use https://docker-runner.keboola.com/ for calling this part of the API.
As the component output is passed back through the API, all output from an action MUST be JSON (except for errors).
If your component outputs an invalid JSON on its STDOUT, an application error will be raised.
Actions use the same exit codes as the default
If an user or application error is detected, STDERR/STDOUT is handled as the message string and is returned to the user. The message is wrapped into a standardized structure.
yields this message on the API (HTTP status code 400)
yields this message on the API (HTTP status code 500)
Sync actions may not read from or write data to the Storage.
Otherwise actions share the same limits as the default
run action, only the execution time is limited to 30 seconds.
This time does not include pulling the Docker image.